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外教面试辅导
2017-05-11

资深外教手把手教你过面试

 

I have been teaching English to all levels of learners for 14 years, I also teach university level law classes and I am a practicing California-licensed lawyer, as well as media consultant - I have to interview people of all ages for different purposes and I have helped prepare some for interviews and I think the key principle is one: soft skills make all the difference. They are also the hardest to master.

我从事全年龄段英语教学已经14年,同时任教于大学的法律课程。我是一名加州法律执照律师,同时是一名媒体顾问,我要按照不同诉求去采访各年龄段的人,还要帮忙准备一些面试,对我而言核心原则就是:软技能是最大的区别而且是最难把握的。

The hard skills are non-negotiable and there are no real shortcuts - you need to know your vocabulary and grammar - nothing can make up for time spent mastering the use of the building blocks of the language. But any language is just a tool - it is a filter that helps YOU express YOURSELF, language is not the content (you are), what you say shouldn’t change much when expressed in English or Chinese. 

硬技能是必不可少的,而且它们没有捷径,你需要知道你的词汇量和语法,在语言学习的添砖加瓦中没有任何东西可以取代时间的积累。但是任何语言都是一个工具,是一个让你表达自己的渠道,语言不是内容,你才是,当你用英文或中文表达的时候,你所说的内容并没有太大区别。

The hard skills only matter if they are not great - what makes you stand out is not reasonable English (for your age), it's being memorable and interesting and doing that in a relatively stressful situation and achieving it for a couple of minutes. So don't think of the interview as a test of your English - it is much more than that, it is an opportunity to make a lasting impression and to show that you will be successful in your new school.

硬技能只有在还不够好的时候才会显现出重要性,让你鹤立鸡群或者看起来与你实际年龄应该掌握的技能不符,在一个相对有压力的环境中通过几分钟的时间来完成是很难忘和有趣的。所以不要觉得面试是一种英语测试,它不只如此,它是一个制造良好印象和表明你可以在新学校做得很好的机会。

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I have helped over 20 “Johns and Janes” prepare for international and bilingual school interviews – in Shanghai in particular most of them have entered schools like SUIS (协和), YK PAO (包玉刚), Star River (星河湾), Pinghe, Shangwai Middle School. Almost every single one of them said something like the following when we first met:

我曾经帮助过超过20位学生准备国际或双语学校,他们都进入了上海的名校比如协和、包玉刚、星河湾、平和、上海中学。他们几乎每一个都会说一些我们初次见面时的对话:

“My name is John/ Jane. I am 10. I am in XXXX Primary school. I like dumplings and reading books. My favorite book is Harry Potter. It is interesting. There are three people in my family. My mother, my father and I. My mother likes candy. My father is a manager. He works a lot.”          

“我名字是XXX,今年10岁,我在XXX小学读书。我喜欢吃饺子和读书。我最喜欢的书是哈利波特,它非常有趣。我家里有三位成员,爸爸、妈妈和我。我妈妈喜欢糖果,我爸爸是一名经理,他工作很忙。”

Even worse, they would do it in a flat and unnatural intonation and it usually sounds like delivering a speech, not a casual conversation. Starting off this bad sets you up for less than an optimal showing.

更糟糕的是,他们用一种平淡和不自然的语调去表达,通常他们听起来像在演讲,而不是一次即兴的交流。如此糟糕的开端已经让你远离最佳表现了。

My suggestions below are not extraordinary, however most of the issues I have come across helping young students prepare for international bilingual school interviews are also very typical and can easily be addressed with a couple of hours of work. They are normally in the areas of unnaturally delivered, too simple information, pointless statements, clearly untrue and memorized ones – the problem is doing too much, not too little, and that is easier and faster to rectify. 

我接下来的建议并不特别,然而只需要几小时就可以解决我在帮助学生准备国际双语学校面试时普遍出现的情况。他们通常出现的问题是不自然的表达、太简单的信息、无用的陈述、不清晰和盲目背诵,问题是做得太多,而不是太少,而这些是很容易和可以很快纠正过来的。

以下是我的八个建议:

▼1.Stand out with your social skills and body language – a handshake would pleasantly surprise a non-Chinese interviewer, because it is not usually done here. Eye contact, sitting straight and not fidgeting also should be mastered. Smile. Say “Thank you for your time” at the end.

▼2.Follow directions - this is a big issue - as due to nerves and desire to impress many interviewees forget to listen. They either catch one word or deliver a response only vaguely related to the question because that is what they have memorized - it is much better to ask for the question to be repeated or a clarification, than to answer quickly but in a way that might make the interviewer think you do not understand or that you do not care to actually answer the question

▼3.Rehearse, don’t memorize - you should never memorize answers to interview questions, you should practice them. Mock interviews and preparation for the questions likely to be asked could be a great way to feel comfortable and control your nerves - adults have the same problem - in a situation we are not so familiar with we like to minimize the risk to feel confused or look lost. But memorizing anything word for word is not the way to do that.

▼4.Have a theme - to be memorable you should tell a story and not just give a list of unrelated facts - something needs to hold your information together - if you like languages, talk about using them when you travel. If you like reading talk about reading in different ways, if you like to travel, share a couple of interesting stories. If you want to be a doctor, tell why and explain how you are preparing for that from an early age. Also, try to connect your story to different parts of the interview.

▼5.Do your research - different schools have different focus, some value reading more, some value extracurricular activities, some are proud that many of their students go to top universities - everyone likes to hear good things about themselves, including school representatives, and they like it when you mention you visited/ talked to students and teachers have a reason to be interested in the school that makes sense.

▼6.Be an interesting person - this is the hardest one. Life is busy here even for primary school students. As I said earlier, English is not the content - you are the content during the interview, English is just the tool you use to show YOUR content. Reading, having hobbies, traveling and so on all make us interesting, but if you don’t say why you are interesting no one will know - think of what makes you different from your classmates for example - maybe you have won awards, or written stories, or created a board game, or you can cook - even simple things can make you more interesting and memorable. 

▼7.Lead the discussion - this is hard. if you go in and start delivering a speech, the interviewer will interrupt you and ask you different, unrelated questions to check if all you can do is memorize and recite - but if you are giving interesting and unexpected information, he or she will have no choice but to follow up with questions relating to it or to let you continue - and as you have limited time, you would be in full control of the process and leave a great impression.

▼8.Enjoy yourself - literally everyone I have helped coach for an interview has been accepted in a school - some did not go to their first choice but all got accepted. No matter how one interview goes, you will go to a good school and will do great things in the future. The interview is not scary, nothing unexpected will happen during it, you will not be asked about anything beyond your age and experience level and you will most likely do great. This is a controlled, no-stress situation and when you act like you understand that, you do better.

Good luck!

“ 

1、通过社交技能和身体语言让你看起来与众不同,一个握手会给一个外国面试官惊喜,因为这里并不常见。眼神交流,身体坐直和不要乱动,同样重要。微笑,结束时说“谢谢您的时间”。

2、遵守指引。这是一个大问题,由于紧张和急着表达自己,很多面试者忘记去倾听。他们要不就是只听到一个词,要不就是给出的回答只是简单联系到问题,因为那是他们所记得的部分。其实最好是要求考官重复问题,比快速回答但让考官觉得你不明白或者你不在意正确回答问题要好。

3、彩排,不要死记硬背你不应该背诵问题的答案,你应该练习它们。模拟面试和准备可能会问到的问题答案是一个很好的方式去感到舒适和控制你的紧张,成年人同样有这个问题,在我们不熟悉的环境下,我们会尽量减少感到困惑和迷失的风险。不过背诵任何词语都不是解决办法。

4、有一个主题。要留下印象你应该讲一个故事而不只是给一堆无关的事实,你需要把你的信息聚集起来,如果你喜欢语言,可以讲讲你在旅行时是如何运用的,分享一些有趣的故事。如果你想成为医生,可以解释一下你如何提前准备的。并且,尽量在面试的不同环节中把你的故事连贯起来。

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5、做调查。不同的学校有不同的关注点,一些学校注重阅读,一些学校注重课外活动,一些学校则对他们的很多学生进入名牌大学而感到自豪。每个人都想听到别人都赞美,包括学校代表,他们喜欢你曾经和该校学生或老师有交流过的经验,让你更有理由对这所学校感兴趣。

6、成为一个有趣的人。这个是最困难的。就算是小学生的生活都是匆忙的,像我之前所说,英语不是内容,你才是面试的内容。阅读、有爱好、旅行等等会让我们更有趣,但如果你不说,没人会知道。想一下你和你同学的区别,可能你有得奖,或者会写作,或者创造了一个棋盘游戏,或者你会煮饭,简单的事情就可以让你变得更有趣和让你印象深刻。

7、引导讨论。这个挺难的,如果你进入并开始演讲,考官会打断你然后问你一些难以回答或者无关的问题来检视你是否只会死记硬背。但如果你是在说一些有趣和意想不到的信息,他或她就只能根据你说的来问或者让你继续,在你有限的时间里,你要全面把控进程和争取留下好印象。

8、享受自己。基本上每一个接受我帮助的学生都被学校录取了,尽管一些人并没有进入他们的第一志愿但全部都被录取了。

 

Victor McFarland
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